Drought intensifies in the South: no end in sight

Record-breaking triple-digit temperatures were prolonging a devastating drought that has been baking the South and the dry spell could extend into next year and beyond, climate experts said on Thursday.

"Just when you thought it couldn't get any worse... we are seeing expansion of this drought. This drought will continue to persist and likely intensify," said climatologist Mark Svoboda, with the University of Nebraska's National Drought Mitigation Center.

The drought is edging its way to the east even as it intensifies in the southern states, according to a weekly
report released Thursday by a consortium of state and federal climatologists dubbed the U.S. Drought Monitor.

"We are seeing intensification in the southeast, in particular Georgia, eastern Alabama," said Svoboda.

The drought increasingly looks likely to extend into next year, he said.

Almost 70 percent of Texas range land and pastures have experienced near complete crop failure with little if any food for grazing livestock. The loss of both crops and livestock could well be the worst the state has ever seen in its history. Estimated losses are even worse than expected because increased global demand for commodities such as corn, cotton, wheat and beef have pushed prices up.

The droughts from recent years were bad but much narrower in scope. This year’s drought extends across a much broader area and more than 90 percent of the entire state is in the two most severe drought stages. In those areas where crops are grown with irrigation, the struggle for life continues.

The cost of the drought will eventually fall into the lap (and purse) of the average consumer, although by how much is difficult to determine. Meat processing, marketing and transportation all come into play when setting retail prices.

Hurricane Irene offered only a little respite for some areas to the east, he said. But the rest of the nation was contending with mostly dry, warmer-than-normal weather. A strong tropical storm in the Gulf of Mexico was needed to provide enough precipitation to relieve the parched soils in the southern Plains, according to Svoboda.

Texas has been the hardest hit, and 2011 was expected to be the driest calendar year since records
were first kept in the late 19th century. In that key agricultural state, levels of extreme and exceptional drought totaled 95.04 percent of area this week, up from 94.42 percent a week ago, the Drought Monitor reported.

The parched soils and rangeland and lack of rainfall have decimated crops, left livestock with little to eat or drink and sparked wildfires across thousands of acres. Texas officials peg damages at more than $5 billion.

Egged on by the drought wildfires have burned about 1.5 million acres in Texas since January. Officials with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration say their weather models predict the severe drought that has parched the southern United States will continue to midsummer -- and beyond.

Oklahoma was also suffering, with extreme an exceptional levels of drought now across 85.37 percent of the state. And nearly a third of Kansas is in extreme or exceptional drought, according to the Drought Monitor.

Wheat farmers are questioning whether or not to even try to plant their new crop this autumn
with soils lacking moisture the plants need to grow. The drought was starting to engulf Louisiana, where extreme and exceptional drought grew to 59.50 percent of the state, up from 55.97 percent a week earlier.

The drought grows worse with each 100 degree Fahrenheit-plus (40 degree Celsius-plus) day, breaking records and bringing more
misery. Wichita, Kansas, has recorded 50 such days this year and areas in Texas have recorded more than 80. Many lakes are drying up with at least one lake revealing a surprising object as the waters withdraw.

Temperatures Thursday were again surpassing 100 degrees in many parts of the Plains.


Reuters,"Drought intensifies in the South: no end in sight", by Carey Gillman, accessed September 4, 2011

Disaster News Network, "Texas Suffers From Record Drought", accessed September 1, 2011


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